What happens when you type gcc main.c

How do we compile and run a C program?

$ gcc –Wall filename.c –o filename
  • The option -Wall enables all compiler’s warning messages. This option is recommended to generate better code.
    The option -o is used to specify the output file name. If we do not use this option, then an output file with name a.out is generated.
  1. Pre-processing
  2. Compilation
  3. Assembly
  4. Linking

Pre-processing.

  • Removal of Comments.
  • Expansion of Macros.
  • Expansion of the included files.
  • Conditional compilation.

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